What is Periodontal Maintenance?
Periodontal maintenance is a deep cleaning method that involves carefully cleaning the teeth by removing soft and hard calcified deposits on the tooth surface above and below your gumline. Periodontal maintenance is an important dental treatment for reversing periodontal disease.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, is an infection or inflammatory process that damages the soft tissues and bone that support the teeth.
Procedure for Periodontal Maintenance
Periodontal maintenance will be performed by your dentist if gum disease is diagnosed during a regular dental visit. Steps of periodontal maintenance include:
- Your dentist will first use an ultrasonic vibrating instrument to loosen large particles of tartar (hard calcific deposits) attached to the teeth. Areas around the gum line or pockets may be cleaned to remove bacteria attached to them.
- After large particles of tartar are removed, your dentist will use curved-shaped hand tools called scalers and curettes to scrape smaller particles and smooth the tooth's surface.
- After the cleaning is done, your dentist will use a special gritty material to polish the teeth with the help of a soft spinning cup-like instrument.
- Your dentist may then apply fluoride or antibacterial medication at the end of the procedure to strengthen the teeth or help faster healing of the gum pockets. Routine dental X-rays may be ordered to monitor the progression of gum disease in the future.
Periodontal care is maybe done three to four times a year, depending on how quickly plaque and tartar build up, whether there is bleeding or irritation, your ability to keep your teeth clean at home, and any other health risks.
Advantages of Periodontal Maintenance
Periodontal Maintenance is a beneficial dental procedure that maintains the health of your teeth and prevents gum disease. Some of the benefits include:
- Removal of tartar and built-up plaque
- Removal of stains from the teeth's surface
- Resolving halitosis (bad breath)